Canonical and nazi anti-jewish measures, Raul Hilberg (top)

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Canonical Law                                           
Nazi Measure                                            
Prohibition of intermarriage and of sexual intercourse between Christians and Jews. Synod of Elvira, 306
Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honor.
September 15, 1935
Jews and Christians not permitted to eat together. Synod of Elvira, 306
Jews barred from dining cars. 
Transport Minister to Interior Minister, December 30, 1939
Jews not allowed to hold public office. 
Synod of Clermont, 535
Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional Civil Service. April 7, 1933
Jews not allowed to employ Christian servants or possess Christian slaves. 
3d Synod of Orléans, 538
Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honor.
September 15, 1935 
Jews not permitted to show themselves in the streets during Passion Week. 
3d Synod of Orléans, 538
Decree authorizing local authorities to bar Jews from the streets on certain days (i.e., Nazi holidays). December 3, 1938 
Burning of the Talmud and other books. 
12th Synod of Toledo, 681 
Book burnings in Nazi Germany.
Christians not permitted to patronize Jewish doctors. Trullan Synod, 692
Decree of July 25, 1938 
Christians not permitted to live in Jewish homes. Synod of Narbonne, 1050 Directive by Göring providing for concentration of Jews in houses. 
December 28, 1938 Bormann to Rosenberg, January 17, 1939
Jews obliged to pay taxes for support of the Church to the same extent as Christians. Synod of Gerona, 1078 The "Sozialausgleichsabgabe" which provided that Jews pay a special income tax in lieu of donations for Party purposes imposed on Nazis. December 24, 1940 
Jews not permitted to be plaintiffs, or witnesses against Christians in the Courts. 3d Lateran Council, 1179, Canon 26 Proposal by the Party Chancellery that Jews not be permitted to institute civil suits. Bormann to Justice Ministry, September 9, 1942
Jews not permitted to withhold inheritance from descendants who had accepted Christianity. 3d Lateran Council, 1179, Canon 26 Decree empowering the Justice Ministry to void wills offending the "sound judgment of the people." July 31, 1938 
The marking of Jewish clothes with a badge. 4th Lateran Council, 1215, Canon 68 Copied from the legislation by Caliph Omar II (634-644), who had decreed that Christians wear blue belts and Jews, yellow belts
Decree of September 1, 1941
Construction of new synagogues prohibited. Council of Oxford, 1222

Destruction of synagogues in entire Reich. Heydrich to Göring, November 11, 1938

Christians not permitted to attend Jewish ceremonies. Synod of Vienna, 1267 

Friendly relations with Jews prohibited. October 24, 1941 Gestapo directive

Jews not permitted to dispute with simple Christian people about the tenets of the Catholic religion. Synod of Vienna, 1267
Compulsory ghettos. Synod of Breslau, 1267
Order by Heydrich. September 21, 1939 
Christians not permitted to sell or rent real estate to Jews. Synod of Ofen, 1279 
Decree providing for compulsory sale of Jewish real estate. December 3, 1938
Adoption by a Christian of the Jewish religion or return by a baptized Jew to the Jewish religion defined as a heresy. 
Synod of Mainz, 1310
Adoption of the Jewish religion by a Christian places him in jeopardy of being treated as a Jew. Decision by Oberlandesgericht Königsberg, 4th Zivilsenat, June 26, 1942
Jews not permitted to act as agents in the conclusion of contracts, especially marriage contracts, between Christians. Council of Basel, 1434, Sessio XIX
Decree providing for liquidation of Jewish real estate agencies, brokerage agencies, and marriage agencies catering to non- Jews. July 6, 1938
Jews not permitted to obtain academic degrees. Council of Basel, 1434, Sessio XIX  Law against Overcrowding of German Schools and Universities. April 25, 1933

Hilberg 10-11 



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